Perceived Indoor Air Quality and Work Performance
Peoples’ perceptions of indoor air quality, as reported on questionnaires, have often been used as subjective indicators of the quality of indoor air. The questionnaires normally ask subjects to rate air quality on a scale ranging from clearly acceptable to clearly unacceptable. Acceptability of indoor air is affected by various factors including ventilation rate, the emission rates of indoor pollutants, and air temperature and humidity. Research, performed primarily in the laboratory [1-6], has found that improved perceptions of, or satisfaction with, indoor air quality are associated with improvements in some aspects in work performance. In this research, performance of some tasks increased by approximately 1% for each 10% reduction in the percentage of the occupants dissatisfied with indoor air quality. However, it is not known whether an increased satisfaction with indoor air actually causes people to work better. It could be that the indoor environmental exposures, e.g., pollutants, directly cause both poorer work performance and dissatisfaction with indoor air, leading to a correlation of performance with perceived air quality.
1. Wargocki, P., et al., Subjective perceptions, symptom intensity, and performance: a comparison of two independent studies, both changing similarly the pollution load in an office. Indoor Air, 2002. 12(2): p. 74-80. https://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0668.2002.01101.x.
2. Wargocki, P., et al., The effects of outdoor air supply rate in an office on perceived air quality, sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms and productivity. Indoor Air, 2000. 10(4): p. 222-36. https://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0668.2000.010004222.x.
3. Bako-Biro, Z., et al., Effects of pollution from personal computers on perceived air quality, SBS symptoms and productivity in offices. Indoor Air, 2004. 14(3): p. 178-187. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0668.2004.00218.x.
4. Bako-Biro, Z., Human perception, SBS symptoms and performance of office work during exposure to air polluted by building materials and personal computers, in International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy 2004, Technical University of Denmark Available from: https://backend.orbit.dtu.dk/ws/files/5141267/ZsBB.pdf.
5. Wargocki, P., et al., Perceived air quality, sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms and productivity in an office with two different pollution loads. Indoor Air, 1999. 9(3): p. 165-179. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0668.1999.t01-1-00003.x.
6. Wargocki, P., D.P. Wyon, and P.O. Fanger, Pollution source control and ventilation improve health, comfort, and productivity, in Cold Climate HVAC 2000: Sapporo, Japan. p. 445-450.